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94 Threads found on Analog Multiplier
Hi can anyone pls explain me how an analog mulitplier can be used as AM modulator??? I can see multiplier is nothing but simple multiplication of two inputs. So say my message signal amplitude(peak) is 4.. and then so after modulation i expect the carrier in correspondance with the peak point of the messgae signal to have 4V as well.... but say my
I guess you omitted an important detail. There should be an analog switch connected to node F. The circuit is operating as a sign multiplier then.
Another approach which is seeing some popularity in ROICs is to use a smaller inegrator, and when it limits you reset the cap and increment a counter. You can accrue 2^N-1 times the cap value's worth of charge as a hybrid digital (MSB to LSB-1) / analog (LSB) combination.
analog Devices AD633 is a good general purpose analog multiplier.
hi Anyone worked on digital pll ? I want to make a design on it but without using any kind of analog circuit. I though about this and may be I need to design clock multiplier and divider to generate a desired clock frequency by reference clock. If anyone have any document or link .. please let me know. Thanks Rahul J
Hi Juz_ad! In the past, I was looking for a solution to an analog divider with single power supply, but only managed a multiplier circuit based on the MC1495. With the divider circuit I have not such success. I think that may be a base of your analog divider development. Feri. Sorry for my English. If you need the complete (...)
I would use an analog multiplier for constant power regulation. You should supplement your requirements by an accuracy specification.
I have designed a 16-bit modified radix-4 booth multiplier in cadence and simulated it using ADE (analog Design Environment). I wonder if there is any automatic method to calculate the worst case propagation delay of this circuit or I have to use a brute force method to find it? As a matter of fact I don't have enough time to measure the delay of
what is the working of CMOS analog multiplier? How is it work?
i am using CMOS combiner cirand CMOS substractor circuit for Four quadrant analog multiplier. then how is it work and how it is connected?
which factor and which type of input given to the multiplier circuit for DC characteristics on analog multiplier? - - - Updated - - - thanks in advance
It's possible with industry standard analog multipliers like AD633. As you are designing a feedback system with variable gain, achieving stability for all operation conditions isn't quite easy, but basically possible at the cost of bandwidth.
Hi, i am an electronic enginnering student and i am designing a four-quadrant analog multiplier for the graduation project. i want to know how i measure frequency response for two inputs in virtuoso. yes, for one inputs it's simple but in more than one input, i do not know how i can measure the frequency response of multiplier for each (...)
Suppose, a 4-bit x 4-bit array multiplier has been designed using the AND gates and Adders. My question is- Whether that multiplier is analog device or digital device? Since the transistors are used to design that multiplier, it must be an analog device. But the inputs and outputs of that (...)
Is it a good idea to use on chip resistor to provide biasing currents to the current mirrors in analog circuit ? Or should self biasing "beta multiplier" ckt be used to generate this biasing current always ???? Also what are the disadvantages of using the biasing resistor external to the chip to generate bias current inside the chip , in t
Sorry. The CD40xx Cmos digital ICs are not the same as the AD734 analog IC.
it is close to an analog design. We did a project a digital clock multiplier by two (long time ago), so then you could divide by two and have a 50% duty cycle, but you need to be very carefully with the backend steps. The idea is xor with the same signal on both input, but one input has multiple buffers/delay (25% of the input signal).
I have an older 0-5000 RPM analog tachometer that I'd like to install on an old points type ignition farm tractor. Am looking for a simple device to multiply (double or triple) the tach input, so 0-2000 RPM (actual) will indicate closer to full scale on the faceplate. Full output RPM of the tractor is 1750. The most ideal solution would be to f
An analog multiplier can be use for various types of AM modulation, but not directly for FM modulation. For that you need a device whose phase or frequency can be varied.
Hello everybody! I'm a beginner on spice softwares and here too 8-) I'm trying to simulate an analog multiplier IC from analog Devices Manufacturer. I downloaded a "Spice Model" from: So I got a file named ad633.cir and
I have been reading that it is possible to add a 5.1V zener diode and a 220R resistor to the analog pins to provide extra over voltage protection. It there any reason why you couldn't use a 'rubber zener' / 'Vbe multiplier' in place of the zener diode?
But my control signal that switches the sign is a digital TTL signal. How can I build a sign multiplier that works with a digital input? Apparently you did not read the linked posts. I was exactly referring to circuits multiplying a digital with an analog signal.
Hello, I need to verify a layout of a circuit, making a very long simulation with random inputs. I think it will take million of clock cycles, so i can't verify "at hand" the correctness of output. Could anybody suggest me how to make a testbench of an analog circuit? Thanks :)
i am a beginner of the analog circuit design. i can understand how the beta multiplier work, but the stat-up circuit's work principle really confused me... can anyone help to describe how it works? 82756
A common way to do analog multiplication is with a Gilbert Cell.
Hi, I am looking for an analog multiplier chip which operate under 5V. Both of two inputs are analog sine signals with amplitude less that 1V. I searched several chips, but all of these operated from +/-4V ~+/-15V, including AD632/3, AD834, RC4200, MC1494, MLT04, mpy5/634, and MT09. Any suggestion? Thanks.
Best method to measure power uses real-time V*I multiplier chip with current transformer 1:500 step-up and voltage sense with signal step-down voltage transformer (both small) to measure outlet power in RMS. Many other methods exist... This one requires some analog skills.... 77560 see end of document... cds.linea
i have analog triangle signal which is output of intregrator parameters are this v(p-p)=1.22v v(rms0=1.27v f=2khz and digital parameter which is another signal v=7.62v v(p-p)=1.54v f=6khz vrms=13mv now both this paramer is multiplying by multiplier so plsss suggest any best multiplier ic ya any single op-based circuit .. thanks
To detect this protocol requires a mixer with clock recovery signal. Digital mixer uses D FF but is sensitive to noise and does not use all the energy of the bit. other method uses analog multiplier (non linear amplifier with clock * Data.) clock must be in phase (PLL) Good luck. why use RZ code? why not use something else?8-) 50Gbps FF here
how to multiply digital signal and analog signal? plss suggest me....
Thanks Dave. Could I use my processor as the phase shifter. I generate my sine wave using processor (from a square wave), I can similarly generate a second sine wave, same in frequency and but shifted in phase. In other words, during development on the bench, before I enable lock in, I optimize my software to make sure the phase shift from seco
So much for wanting an analog solution. The AD9858BSVZ is a 100 pin TQFP DDS monster at $70 each. I guess this isn't a home project!
Why you are asking for an ADPLL? A simple "analog" PLL chip, e.g. 74HC4046 can perform the 64 to 8192 kHz multiply. The dvided clocks will be available from the frequency divider without additional effort.
Superimpose isn't the correct term in my opinion (also in the first case). The problem is about modulating one waveform with another, respectively multiplying the waveforms. An analog multiplier can perfectly achieve this. As a special case, multiplying with a square wave can also be achieved by an analog switch (as you did in the first (...)
By gm i mean the transconductance of the mos. For constant-gm biasing you can refer any of the books on analog ckt design (razavi or grey, meyer) or some of the threads in eda have the references.
... any other circuit for cmos analog multiplier. Let me google that for you
Check analog Devices portfolio, they have some. I have used 1:4 mux up to 2.4GHz.
Hi Check this AD 633 multiplier for your reference
BPSK can be calculated by multiplying your carrier wave (sinusoidal wave form) with a bipolar bit stream. (for example 1 = 1V, 0 =-1). The multiplication assures that the sine wave inverses (flips around the time axis). This means you need a sine wave source, your bipolar bit streams source, and an (analog) multiplier. Basically QPSK is the ma
Amlitude modulation means varying the amplitude of a carrier. What's your problem with it? In analog design, e.g. a programmable voltage divider or a multiplier can achieve it.
For the selection of a suitable phase detector, you have to consider at least the input and NCO waveform, the input signal to noise ratio and the intended lock range. The best analog performance for sine waveforms, but a limited lock range is achieved with a multiplier, as usually done with classical analog lock-in amplifiers. For the loop (...)
i am working on a frequency hopping transceiver design now i want to synchronize receiver with transmitter hopping frequencies. i am using DPLL for this . i am using a multiplier detector. what filter should i use and how can i make my DDS work like VCO as in analog PLL. i am working on system generator 9.2.
A temperature-independent current source ckt as the image shown. What's the operation of this ckt ? The M5-M7 and R3 make up of the start-up ckt, but why it still be on after power up stage ? The temperature sweep simulation resulst show the deviration of output current is smaller than that without M5-M7 and R3. Icq1 is VEB/R1, which de
Does anyone have pspice full version? if so can u plz execute this file and post o/p is comin at V(8 ). I don't have Pspice *analog multiplier Vcc A 0 15V Vee 0 B 15V V1 1 0 dc 1V V2 4 0 dc 1V R1 1 2 1k R2 4 5 1k R3 3 6 1k R4 7 8 1k R5 8 0 1k D1 6 7 SD51 .model SD51 D(Is=793.4n Rs=3.036m Ikf=8.242 N=1 Xti=0 Eg=1.11 Cjo=4.498n + M
If you have the analogLib: pvcvs2 or ahdlLib multiplier or functional multiplier.
an arithmetic divider that operates ideally at any frequency Keep on dreaming. From the existing analog multiplier/divider variants, only "gilbert cell" (gm multiplier) is wideband. Log/antilog offers higher dynamic range but is restricted to MHz bandwidth at best, hall sensor multipliers (rather unusual) possibly (...)
Hi, I wish to ask if anyone has a spice model for analog Devices AD834 (500MHz 4 quadrant multiplier) and could share with me? Thank you very much. twomilimeter
read this analog voltage with an ADC.....then in software convert it back to voltage value & then simply multiply it by 100 very simple.......
here the 4 PMOS transistors are in saturation and all other NMOS transistors are linear. can anybody explain me how this multiplier works ? if anybody could explain it with equations it will be really helpful well the o/p is taken as vo1-vo2= (kp/(kn*km))*(xy)
You can't build a PLL without respective dedicated hardware, particularly a VCO. It can't be described by Verilog, because it's an analog function. Programmable logic devices as FPGA mostly have vendor specific PLL hardware blocks and specific libraries to configure them.